GNOME has many applets and applications designed to interact with the desktop and each other. This section introduces some of them. Learn how to manage little notes on your desktop, use the GNOME dictionary, chat using Gaim, and enjoy various types of multimedia applications.
Tomboy is a desktop note-taking application that helps you organize ideas and information. To add Tomboy to a panel, right-click the panel then click. Scroll down the list of items, select , then click . The Tomboy icon appears on your panel.
Left-click the panel icon to open the Tomboy menu then select. Type the text of your note. Link notes with each other by clicking . These links can even survive renaming and reorganizing. A function located in the panel menu of Tomboy lets you search your notes. Web links and e-mail addresses can also be dropped onto Tomboy. Click to view a list of your notes in the order they were last modified.
Tomboy also supports advanced editing features, such as highlighted text, inline spell checking, automatically-linking Web and e-mail addresses, undo and redo, and font styling and sizing.
GNOME Dictionary provides dictionary definitions of words using any server that supports the dict protocol (an Internet standard for client/server dictionary applications). An Internet connection is required because this applet accesses an online dictionary. To open Dictionary, click gnome-dictionary in a terminal window.+ + + or enter
Enter a word in. By default, the query is sent to the dict.org server. To use a different server, click + . dict.org lets you choose between various databases for special vocabularies, such as jargon or computer terminology. Under , specify the search strategy to use, such as matching the exact word, parts of the word, or the prefix or suffix. Click to access the online manual.
Gaim is a powerful instant messenger client. It supports various protocols, such as AIM, ICQ, GroupWise®, IRC, Jabber, and MSN. Its most popular features include the ability to log in to multiple accounts on multiple instant messaging networks at the same time, automatic text replacement, and spell checking. Gaim has buddy pounces (known as “buddy alerts” in AOL Messenger), meaning that you can configure Gaim to notify you whenever one of your buddies enters or leaves a channel you are currently connected to. Gaim can send you a message announcing this, play a sound, or execute a command.
To access Gaim, click gaim in a terminal window. On first start-up, create a list of your accounts on different instant messaging networks by clicking + . Select the protocol then specify your screen name, password, and alias. Select and if you want Gaim to log in automatically on start-up. To keep track of your e-mail while using Gaim, select . To use a buddy icon with your account, open a file dialog and select one. Additional options, such as proxy settings and server addresses, can be configured after clicking . When you have completed your account settings, click to exit this dialog.+ + + or enter
As soon as you are finished specifying the account data, it is shown in the login window. To sign on, select your account from themenu, type your password, click , and start chatting.
GnomeMeeting lets you see and speak to other people via Internet telephony (VoIP) and video conferencing. The GnomeMeeting address book is shared with the Evolution™ e-mail client, so you do not need to specify contact information in more than one place. You can browse for other GnomeMeeting users on your local network without discovering their contact details first and you can view your own video output side-by-side with the video from your conversation partners so you see what they see.
To open GnomeMeeting, click+ + + . The first time you access GnomeMeeting, you need to complete the steps in the that automatically opens.
In GNOME, you can manage file archives with File Roller. As an archive
manager, it can create and modify archives, view the content of an archive,
view a file contained in the archive, and extract files from the archive. File
Roller supports the following formats: tar archives uncompressed
.tar) or compressed with gzip (
.tgz), bzip (
.tbz), bzip2 (
.tbz2), compress (
.taz), lzop (
.tzo); Zip archives (
.zip); Jar archives
Lha archives (
.lzh); Rar archives (
and single files compressed with gzip, bzip, bzip2, compress, and lzop.
You can easily view archive contents from File Roller with other applications without needing to decompress the archives. File Roller supports drag and drop, allowing you to drag file icons from the desktop or file manager (Nautilus) to the File Roller window and drop them there.
To open File Roller, click+ + + . To create a new archive, click + . Specify a name for the new archive (without a file extension) and the directory in which to create the archive. Then select an archive type. Click to exit the dialog. Add files to the archive by dragging and dropping files from the desktop or the file manager or by clicking + .
After completing the selection and configuration, exit the dialog. The archive you created is available for further processing at the specified location. To decompress an archive, load it to File Roller, click+ then specify the target directory.
Blam is a tool that helps you keep track of the growing number of news feeds distributed as RSS. RSS provides news updates from a Web site in a simple form for your computer. You can read these files in a program called an aggregator, which collects news from various Web sites. Blam is a GNOME aggregator that lets you subscribe to any number of feeds and provides an easy-to-use interface to stay up to date. Blam can print news entries and automatically updates feeds at regular intervals.
To open Blam, click+ + + . Channels appear in a list on the left of the Blam window. Click any channel then view the headlines in the top-right panel. Clicking a headline displays the article in the lower-right panel. To see the full article, scroll to the bottom of the lower-right panel and click .
To add a new channel, click http://www.novell.com/newsfeeds/rss/slp.xml adds the SUSE Linux Professional Cool Solutions channel to your list and downloads the latest articles.+ , enter the URL, then click . For example, entering