Nautilus is GNOME's file manager and viewer. You can use Nautilus to create folders and documents, display and manage your files and folders, run scripts, write data to a CD, and open URIs. The following sections provide an overview of the basic functions of Nautilus and a few tips on its configuration. For more information, see the help pages for Nautilus. You can open Nautilus using the menu entry or by clicking the Computer or Home icon on the desktop.
The standard window of Nautilus is shown in Figure 7.4, “Nautilus Standard Window”. The default view of a folder's content is the icon view featuring just an icon and the filename for each file. If configured accordingly, a preview of the file's content can be provided. When you double-click a folder icon, a new Nautilus window opens, displaying the folder's content.
To navigate between folders, use the drop-down menu in the bottom left corner of the Nautilus window. Here, find all parent folders for the current directory up to the root file system. Select the folder you want and open it in a new Nautilus window on top of the old one. Open just the immediate parent of the current folder by clicking+ . To close these parent folders, click + .
If you prefer a browser-like file navigation, switch to the Nautilus browser interface by right-clicking a folder then clicking. A new Nautilus window opens, providing the normal functionality but with a browser's look and feel.
To navigate folders and files, you can use the Section 7.4.2, “File Management” also apply to the browser interface., , and buttons as you would in a Web browser. The functionalities and configuration options described in
Perform several tasks in Nautilus by simply dragging and dropping. For example, you can drag any file from the desktop and drop it onto an open Nautilus window. If you have two Nautilus windows open, you can drag a file or folder from one window and drop it onto another. To copy an item, select the item, press and hold Ctrl, then drag the item to a new location. Dragging text from an application to a folder window creates a new text document.
To move files between directories, open the source directory containing the file to move, click+ , type the path to the target directory, click , then drag the files to the Nautilus window holding the target directory. Files and folders can be moved to and from an open Nautilus window and the desktop.
To create multiple copies of a file, click+ . For a simple cut, copy, and paste of files, use the menu or right-click the file icon then select the appropriate item from the context menu that appears. To rename a file, right-click it then click .
Nautilus also supports file browsing across a network. To connect to a remote server, such as an FTP, SSH, HTTP, or Samba server, click+ . You are then prompted for the type of server and some additional information, such as the name of the folder you want to access, the port number, and a username. When you click , the remote folder is displayed as part of the panel menu and appears as a desktop icon. For any future connections, select the appropriate item from the menu and provide the necessary authentication to log in to these network folders. To close these connections, right-click the desktop icon then click .
Nautilus provides basic CD and DVD burning functionality. To copy data to CD or DVD, create a directory containing the data you want to burn, click+ , drag the folder holding the data onto the window, then click + .
MIME types determine which application should open a file
when clicked in a Web or file browser. The actual file type and
the MIME type of a file are closely associated with each other.
An HTML file has the
html file type and would
be registered to have a
type. Nautilus has built-in support for most of the common MIME
types and proposes the appropriate application when you choose to
open a file. In this case, it would propose a Web browser.
To edit a MIME type:
Even if a MIME type has not yet been registered, the procedure is the same. These modifications are applied globally, which means that any file of this type is subsequently opened by the defined application.